Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that is characterized by facial redness and papules. It is come common in people who have fair skin.


There are many factors related to rosacea, including genetics, environmental, sun exposure and vascular factors.

Symptoms and signs:

Patients usually experience frequent flushing and blushing. When the disease progress, the face redness becomes persistent. Prominent blood vessels could develop especially around the nose and cheeks. Later on, papules and pustules would develop on the face. In severe cases, an enlarged, irregularly shaped nose called ”rhinophyma” could result.


Mild cases can be treated with topical medications. Oral isotretinoin is reserved for resistant cases. Laser treatment can be used to improve persistent facial redness. Rhinophyma can be corrected with a carbon dioxide laser.

General Care:

Avoid sun exposure, use wide brim hats and umbrellas when going outdoor. Try to reduce the consumption of hot tea or coffee and they could trigger facial flushing. Use an ice-pack or a fan to reduce flushing. Stay away from spicy foods, alcohol, hot baths and steam rooms.